Key Points for Premenopausal Women

  • A woman is considered premenopausal until her menstrual periods have stopped for 12 months in a row without a medical reason. After 12 months without a period, a woman is considered postmenopausal.

  • A hormone called estrogen helps keep menstrual periods regular and protect bones, too. In the premenopausal years, hormonal balance and regular periods are important for healthy bones.

  • Bone density testing is not routinely recommended for premenopausal women and is only considered in rare cases.

  • Once you know your personal risk factors for osteoporosis, you can take actions to control many risks that can be changed.

  • Many lifestyle factors can increase the risk for osteoporosis. These include eating a nutrient-poor diet especially if it is low in calcium, low vitamin D intake, getting too little physical activity, smoking, and drinking excessive amounts of alcoholic beverages.

  • Premenopausal women are rarely treated with osteoporosis medications. One of the few exceptions to this is the treatment of premenopausal women diagnosed with osteoporosis caused by the long-term use of steroid medication.